Rom 13:8-14

Love, for the Day Is Near

8 Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another, for he who loves his fellowman has fulfilled Torah. 9 For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not bear false witness,” “You shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, are all summed up in this rule: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 10 Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of Torah. 11 And do this, understanding the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from slumber; for now deliverance is nearer than when we first came to trust. 12 The night is nearly over; the day is here. Therefore let us put off the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. 13 Let us walk decently, as in the daytime, not in orgies and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. 14 But put on the Lord Yeshua the Messiah, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires.


David Guzik Commentary on the Bible

13:8-10  Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another—On a personal level, the only “debt” we are to carry is the “debt” to love one another—this is a perpetual obligation we carry both before God and each other.

“We may pay our taxes and be quit. We may give respect and honor where they are due and have no further obligation. But we can never say, ‘I have done all the loving I need to do.’ Love then is a permanent obligation, a debt impossible to discharge” (Morris).

Love your neighbor means to love the people you actually meet with and deal with every day. It is easy for us to love in the theoretical and the abstract, but God demands that we love real people.

Love is the fulfillment of Torah—It is easy to do all the right religious “things” but to neglect love. Our love is the true measure of our obedience to God.

13:11-14  The night is nearly over; the day is here—Because we know the danger of the times and we anticipate the soon return of Yeshua, we should be all the more energetic and committed to a right walk with God instead of a sleep-walk with God.

Put off the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light—The illustration is from taking off and putting on clothes. When you get dressed every day, you dress appropriately to who you are and what you plan to do. Therefore, everyday, put on the Lord Yeshua the Messiah!

The armor of light is related to the Lord Yeshua the Messiah himself . When we put on the Messiah, we put on all the armor of God and are equipped to both defend and attack.

Putting on the Messiah is a strong and vivid metaphor. It means more than put on the character of the Lord Yeshua the Messiah, signifying rather Let Yeshua the Messiah himself be the armor that you wear” (Morris).

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown

13:8  Has fulfilled Torah—For Torah itself is nothing but an injunction to manifest love in all relationships and all circumstances.

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Mat 18:15-20

A Brother Who Sins Against You

15 “If your brother sins against you, go and show him his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have won your brother. 16 But if he will not listen to you, then take one or two more with you, so that ‘by the testimony of two or three witnesses every matter may be established.’ 17 If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the congregation; and if he refuses to listen even to the congregation, let him be to you as a pagan and a tax collector.

18 “Truly I say to you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.

19 “Again, I say to you that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they may ask, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven. 20 For where two or three have gathered together in my name, I am there in the midst of them.”

Commentary of the NT from the Talmud and Hebraica

18:20  For where two or three have gathered together in my name, I am there in the midst of them—The like do the Rabbins speak of two or three sitting in judgment,  that the divine presence is in the midst of them.

David Guzik Commentary on the Bible

18:15  Go and show him his fault between you and him alone—It is essential that we go to the offending brother first—not griping and gossiping to others, especially under the guise of “sharing a prayer request” or “seeking counsel.” Instead, speak to the party directly.

If he listens to you, you have won your brother—You have won him in two ways. First, the problem has been cleared up. Perhaps you realized that he was right in some ways and he realized you were right in some ways, but the problem is resolved. Second, you have won him because you have not wronged your brother by going to others with gossip and half the side of a dispute.

18:16-18  If he will not listen to you, then take one or two more—The circle of people in the situation only becomes wider as the offending party refuses to listen. If the stubborn, unrepentant attitude remains they are to be refused fellowship (let him be to you as a pagan).

As a pagan and a tax collector—Even so, the unrepentant one must be treated just as we should treat a pagan and a tax collector—with great love, with the goal of bringing about a full repentance and reconciliation.

Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven—If this process is done humbly and according to the Word, this is quite binding in the eyes of God, even if the unrepentant ones just go to another congregation.

18:19-20  If two of you agree on earth—There is real power in agreement in prayer and in the presence of Yeshua. This is exactly what the unrepentant ones miss out on.

In the ancient Greek, agree is literally “to symphonize.” Yeshua wants us to complement each other like a great orchestra.

Where two or three have gathered together in my name—Gathering in thename of Yeshua means gathering according to his character and will, and gathering in a manner Yeshua would endorse. This is when Yeshua is really present (I am there in the midst of them).

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Shoftim 1st Portion 1 (Deu 16:18-20)

Shoftim 1st Portion 1 (Deu 16:18-20)


18 You shall appoint for yourself judges and officials in all your cities that ADONAI your God is giving you, for your tribes, and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment. 19 You shall not pervert justice; you shall not show partiality. And you shall not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists righteous words. 20 Justice, and only justice shall you…

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Shoftim 1st Portion 2 (Deu 16:21-17:13)

Shoftim 1st Portion 2 (Deu 16:21-17:13)

Worshiping Other Gods

21 You shall not plant for yourself any tree, as a wooden Asherah, beside the altar which you build for yourself to ADONAI your God. 22 You shall not set up for yourself a sacred pillar which ADONAI your God hates.

1 You shall not sacrifice to ADONAI your God an ox or a sheep which has a blemish or any defect, for that is a detestable thing to ADONAI your God. 2 If there is…

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Shoftim 3rd Portion (Deu 18:1-5)

Shoftim 3rd Portion (Deu 18:1-5)

Offerings for the Cohanim and L’vi’im

1 The cohanim the L’vi’im—and the whole tribe of Levi—shall have no allotment or inheritance with Isra’el. They shall eat the offerings of ADONAI by fire and his inheritance. 2 They shall have no inheritance among their brothers; ADONAI is their inheritance, as he promised them. 3 And this shall be the cohanim’s due from the people, from those who offer a…

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Shoftim 4th Portion (Deu 18:6-13)

Shoftim 4th Portion (Deu 18:6-13)

6 Now if a Levi comes from any of your towns throughout Isra’el where he resides, and comes whenever he desires to the place which ADONAI chooses, 7 then he shall serve in the name of ADONAI his God, like all his fellow L’vi’im do, who stand there before ADONAI. 8 They shall eat equal portions, except what they receive from the sale of their fathers’ estates.

Detestable Things

9 When you enter…

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Shoftim 5th Portion (Deu 18:14-19:10)

Shoftim 5th Portion (Deu 18:14-19:10)

The Prophet

14 For those nations, which you shall dispossess, listen to those who practice witchcraft and to diviners, but as for you, ADONAI your God has not allowed you to do so. 15 ADONAI will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him. 16 This is according to all that you asked of ADONAI your God in Horev on the day of the assembly,…

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Shoftim 6th Portion 1 (Deu 19:14-20:4)

Shoftim 6th Portion 1 (Deu 19:14-20:4)

14 You shall not move your neighbor’s boundary mark, which the ancestors have set, in your inheritance which you will inherit in the land that ADONAI your God gives you to possess.


15 One witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin that he has committed; on the evidence of two witnesses or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed. 16 If a malicious…

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Shoftim 6th Portion 2 (Deu 20:5-9)

Shoftim 6th Portion 2 (Deu 20:5-9)

5 The officers also shall speak to the people, saying, “What man is there that has built a new house and has not dedicated it? Let him go and return to his house, otherwise he might die in the battle and another man would dedicate it. 6 Also what man is there that has planted a vineyard and has not begun to use its fruit? Let him alsogo and return to his house, otherwise he might die in the…

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Shoftim 7th Portion 1 (Deu 20:10-20)

Shoftim 7th Portion 1 (Deu 20:10-20)

10 When you approach a city to fight against it, you shall offer it terms of peace. 11 If it agrees to make peace with you and opens to you, then all the people who are found in it shall become your forced labor and shall serve you. 12 However, if the city does not make peace with you, but makes war against you, then you shall besiege it. 13 When ADONAI your God gives it into your hand, you shall…

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