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Mat 13:44-52

The Parables of the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl

44 “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and hid again, and from joy over it he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.

45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking fine pearls, 46 who, when he had found one pearl of great value, he went and sold all that he had and bought it.

The Parable of the Net

47 ”Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was cast into the lake and gathering fish of every kind; 48 and when it was full, they pulled it up on the shore; and they sat down and collected the good fish into baskets, but threw the bad away. 49 So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come forth and separate the wicked from among the righteous 50 and throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”

51 Yeshua said to them, ”Have you understood all these things?” They said to him, “Yes.” 52 And he said to them, ”Therefore every Torah-teacher which is instructed to become a talmid of the kingdom of heaven is like a man that is the owner of a house who brings out of his treasure things new and old.”

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

13:44  Which a man found—That is, unexpectedly found.

David Guzik Commentary on the Bible

13:51-52  Every Torah-teacher which is instructed to become a talmid of the kingdom—Yeshua says that every one who really knows God’s word both will know the old and learn the new of the kingdom

E.W. Bullinger’s Companion Bible Notes

13:48  Away—Out.

13:51  Yeshua said to them—All the texts omit this clause.

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown

13:48  And when it was full, they pulled it up on the shore—For the separation will not be made until the number of the elect is accomplished.

Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible

13:45  Seeking fine pearls—There are large masses of mankind who are like the swine, to whose taste the fine pearl is not to be compared with their husks. This man is one whom husks will not satisfy; he looks for pearls.

13:51  Yeshua said—The master has wisely taught his pupils, and wisely he now ascertains how well they have learned.

Understood—Understood not merely the narrative as a tale, but its second and deeper meaning.

YesThey said they did, and they believed they did, and no doubt they did dimly understand him. But these parables foretold the destinies of the kingdom of God through coming ages, and dimly do we even yet comprehend the future, however well predicted.


Rom 8:28-30

More Than Conquerors

28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to his purpose. 29 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. 30 And these whom he predestined, he also called; and these whom he called, he also justified; and these whom he justified, he also glorified.

 

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown

8:28  And—Rather, “Moreover,” “Now,” or some other such word, to mark, better than the ordinary copulative “And,” what this verse clearly is-a transition to a new train of thought.

We know—The order in the original, which is more striking, is this: “We know.”

8:29  For—As touching this “calling according to his purpose.”

Wesley’s Explanatory Notes

8:30  He also justified—Forgave and accepted.

Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible

8:28  Love God—And just so far and just so long as they love God. Just so far as their love to God is diminished and sin is committed, just so far is the working of all things lessened and doubtful; and when their love to God ceases, the co-working for good ceases, and they are no longer the called. For it is to the man as a GOD LOVER, not as a blank individual, that these promises are made.

8:29  For—To exemplify and expand the purpose just mentioned. In this verse he states the first and last step; in the next the intermediate successive steps.

Predestined—Destinate beforehand, predetermine. From this it is clear, 1. That foreknowledge and predestination are two very different things. Knowledge belongs to the intellect, determination belongs to the will. Foreknowledge is an attribute belonging to the nature of God, pre-determination is an actproduced by the free-will of God. 2. Foreknowledge precedes predestination; for God’s nature is antecedent to God’s acts. Did God act without previous knowledge, he would act, like an idiot, in total ignorance. 3. Predestination, so far from being “without foresight,” is truly founded on foreknowledge. It presupposes that all who are elected or predestinated to glory are foreknown as the proper subjects for it according to God’s eternal purpose. 4. Man’s freedom as a free-agent underlies God’s foreknowledge of him, and God’s foreknowledge underlies God’s determination. God’s knowledge is caused by the future act, not the act caused by the knowledge; just as when we look at a man walking, our seeing and knowing his motion is caused by his moving, not his moving caused by our seeing and knowing. So that, in conclusion from the whole, God predestinates to glory only those whom he sees through time and space will finally meet the conditions requisite for that glorification.

Image—Such an image as he presented at the transfiguration on the mount.

Firstborn among many brothers—And thus present a row of glorified brothers, all in the same celestial uniform, with the firstborn at their head.

8:30  Whom he called—They being foreknown as complying.


Mattot 1st Portion

Vows

2 Moshe spoke to the heads of the tribes of the sons of Isra’el, saying, “This is the word which ADONAI has commanded: 3 If a man makes a vow to ADONAI, or takes an oath to bind himself with a binding obligation, he shall not violate his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

4 “If a woman makes a vow to ADONAI or obligates herselfby a pledge while in her father’s…

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Mattot 4th Portion

Dividing the Plunder

25 And ADONAI spoke to Moshe, saying, 26 “Take a count of the plunder that was captured, both of man and of animal, you and El’azar the cohen and the family heads of the community; 27 and divide the plunder between the soldiers who took the battle upon them, who went out to battle, and the entire community. 28 And you shall levy a tribute for ADONAI from the soldiers who went…

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Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time Responsorial Psalm

Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time Responsorial Psalm

5 For you, ADONAI, are good, and ready to forgive, with much kindness to all who call you. 6 Lend your ear, ADONAI, to my prayer; and listen to the cry of my supplications. 7 In the day of my trouble I will call upon you, for you will answer me. 8 There is no one like you among the gods, Adonai; nor are there any works like yours. 9 All nations that you have made will come and worship before you, Adonai; and they will glorify your name. 10 For you are great and do marvelous deeds; you alone are God. 11 Teach me your way, ADONAI; I will walk in your truth; unify my heart to fear your name. 12 I will praise you, Adonai my God, with all my heart; and I will glorify your name forever. 13 For great is your love toward me; and you have delivered my soul from the depths of Sh’ol. 14 O God, the proud have risen against me; and a band of ruthless men have sought my soul, and they did not place you before themselves. 15 But you, Adonai, are a compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger and abundant in love and faithfulness. 16 Turn to me and have mercy on me; grant your strength to your servant and save the son of your maidservant.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

86:11  Teach—Show, point out.

The way—Of Providence.

Walk in your truth—According to its declarations.

E.W. Bullinger’s Companion Bible Notes

86:10  Do—A doer.

86:11  Unify my heart—Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulg, read “Let my heart rejoice.”

Fear—Revere.

86:16  Have mercy on—Show favour, or he gracious to.

Geneva Study Bible

86:16  He boasts not of his own virtues, but confesses that God of his free goodness has always been merciful to him, and given him power against his enemies, as to one of his own household.

Rashi’s Commentary

86:8  Works like yours—Who places the heavenly beings before the earthlings.

86:10  And do marvelous deeds; you alone are God—Before the angels were created, heaven and earth were created. Therefore, all the nations will glorify your name.

86:16  The son of your maidservant—The son of the maidservant humbles himself before his master more than the slave purchased with money, because the son of the maidservant was born in the house and was raised in his master’s bosom.

Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible

86:14  Proud—The fundamental idea is contempt of all authority, restraint, or obligation.

Ruthless—One who inspires terror by his power and his contempt of the rights of men—a tyrant. The word is always translated terrible, terrible ones, in the prophets, in our common version, conformably to its radical sense.


Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time Gospel

Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time Gospel

The Parable of the Weeds

24 Yeshua presented another parable to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 But while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26 But when the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.

27 “The slaves of the landowner came and said to him, ‘Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have weeds?’

28 “And he said to them, ‘An enemy has done this!’ The slaves said to him, ‘Do you want us, then, to go and gather them up?’

29 “But he answered, ‘No, for while you are gathering up the weeds, you may uproot the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time of the harvest I will say to the harvesters: First gather up the weeds and tie them in bundles to burn them up; but gather the wheat into my barn.’ “

The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast

31 He presented another parable to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field; 32 and this is smaller than all other seeds, but when it isfull grown, it is larger than the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and nest in its branches.” 33 He spoke another parable to them, “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three pecks of flour until it was all leavened.” 34 All these things Yeshua spoke to the crowds in parables, and He did not speak to them without a parable. 35 This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet: “I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things hidden since the creation of the world.”

The Parable of the Weeds Eplained

36 Then he left the crowds and went into the house. And his talmidim came to him and said, “Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field.” 37 And he said, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man, 38 and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the weeds are the sons of the evilone, 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the adversary, and the harvest is the end of the age; and the reapers are angels.

40 “So just as the weeds are gathered up and burned in the fire, so shall it be at the end of the age. 41 The Son of Man will send forth His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all stumbling blocks, and those who are far from Torah, 42 and will throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear!

 

 

Wesley’s Explanatory Notes

13:38  And as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom—That is, the sons of God, the righteous.


Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time Reading 2

Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time Reading 2

22 For we know that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs together until now. 23 And not only that, but we also who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. 24 For we were saved in this hope, but hope that is seen is not hope; for why does one still hope for what he sees? 25 But if we hope for what we do not see, we eagerly wait for it with perseverance. 26 Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. 27 And he who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because he makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God.

 

Vincent’s Word Studies

8:22  For—Introducing the proof of the hope, not of the bondage.

Wesley’s Explanatory Notes

8:22  For the whole creation groans together—With joint groans, as it were with one voice.

And labors—Literally, is in the pains of childbirth, to be delivered of the burden of the curse.

Until now—To this very hour; and so on till the time of deliverance.

8:23  And even we who have the first-fruits of the Spirit—That is, the Spirit, who is the first-fruits of our inheritance.

The redemption of our body—From corruption to glory and immortality.

8:26  We do not know—Many times.

With groanings—The matter of which is from ourselves, but the Spirit forms them; and they are frequently inexpressible, even by the faithful themselves.

8:27  But he who searches the hearts—Wherein the Spirit dwells and intercedes.

Knows—Though man cannot utter it.

What the mind of the Spirit is, for he makes intercession for the saints—Who are near to God.

According to God—According to his will, as is worthy of God. and acceptable to him.

Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible

8:22  Whole creation—Individual suffering is in unison with universal suffering. All animated nature is groaning. All physical nature is scarred with past convulsions, and puts forth its thorny luxuriance as if groaning under the primeval curse.

8:23  Not only that—Rather, it, referring to the whole creation.

8:24  For hope—The hope-object that is seen, by being present and possessed, is not a hope-object, and so precludes the exertion of hope.

Why—Or rather, how. Hope, and sight or fruition, are incompatible.

8:26  Groanings … uttered—Groanings not articulated, because pregnant with a meaning too deep for man to shape into words.

8:27  Knows … the mind—The Spirit inspires our unutterable things; yet God, knowing the mind of the Spirit, knows the things unuttered. So is the Spirit a mediator of communion between our spirit and God our father.


Pinchas 1st Portion

10 ADONAI spoke to Moshe, saying, 11 “Pinchas the son of El‘azar, the son of Aharon, the cohen, has turned my anger away from the sons of Isra’el by his zealously avenging me among them, so that I did not destroy the sons of Isra’el in my zeal. 12 Therefore, say, “I hereby give him my covenant of shalom. 13 It shall be for him and his descendants after him, a covenant of a lasting kehunah,…

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Pinchas 3rd Portion

52 ADONAI spoke to Moshe, saying, 53 “You shall apportion the land among these as an inheritance, in accordance with the number of names. 54 To a larger group you shall give a larger inheritance, and to a smaller group you shall give a smaller inheritance; each person shall be given an inheritance according to his number. 55 Only by lot shall the land be distributed. They shall inherit it…

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Pinchas 6th Portion 1

Pinchas 6th Portion 1

19 You shall present an offering made by fire for a burnt offering to ADONAI: two young bulls, one ram, and seven male lambs one year old, having them without defect. 20 Their grain offering shall be of fine flour mixed with oil; three tenths of an ephah for each bull and two-tenths with the ram; 21 and you shall offer up one-tenth for each of the seven lambs. 22 And one male goat asa sin…

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