58thcenturyblog

Mat 14:13-21

Yeshua Feeds the Five Thousand

13 When Yeshua heard about Yochanan, he withdrew from there by boat to a solitary place by himself. And when the crowds heard of this, they followed him on foot from the towns. 14 When he went ashore, he saw a large crowd, and felt compassion for them and healed their sick. 15 When it was evening, the talmidim came to him and said, “This is a desert place, and the time is now late. Send the crowds away, that they can go into the villages and buy themselves food.” 16 But Yeshua said to them, ”They do not need to go away. You give them something to eat.” 17 And they said to him, “We have here only five loaves and two fish.” 18 He said, ”Bring them here to me.” 19 Then he directed the people to sit down on the grass. He took the five loaves and the two fish and looking up to heaven, he made a b’rakhah and broke the loaves and he gave them to the talmidim, and the talmidim gave them to the crowds. 20 And they all ate and were filled, and they picked up twelve full baskets of the broken pieces that remained. 21 There were about five thousand men who ate, besides women and children.

Abbott’s Illustrated New Testament

14:19  Made a b’rakhah—It seems to have been often the custom of the Savior to implore the divine blessing upon food, before partaking of it.

David Guzik Commentary on the Bible

14:20-21  They all ate and were filled—Not only was God’s provision abundant, but God didn’t want the leftovers to go to waste (and they picked up twelve full baskets of the broken pieces that remained).

There were about five thousand men who ate, besides women and children—The number of 5,000 men suggests a total perhaps of 15,000 to 20,000 people, including women and children.

E.W. Bullinger’s Companion Bible Notes

14:13  Crowds—Multitude.

14:14  Went ashore—From his solitude, Mat 14:13.

14:15  Time—Hour.

Now—Already.

14:17  And—But.

14:20  Filled—Satisfied.

John Gill’s Exposition of the Whole Bible

14:15  That they can go into the villages and buy themselves food—The little towns which lay nearest the desert, where they might be supplied with suitable provisions.

14:16  You give them something to eat—Such provisions as you have along with you.

14:21  There were about five thousand men who ate—The word “about,” is omitted in the Vulgate Latin, in Munster’s Hebrew Gospel, and in the Syriac, Arabic, and Persic versions, which expressly say there were so many. A large number indeed, to be fed with five loaves and two fish!

Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible

14:14  He went ashore—From the boat.


Rom 8:35-39

35 Who shall separate us from the love of the Messiah? Shall trouble or hardship or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword? 36 As it is written: “For your sake we are being put to death all day long; we are considered as sheep to be slaughtered.” 37 But in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. 38 For I am convinced that neither death nor life, nor angels nor demons, nor things present nor things to come, 39 nor height nor depth, nor any other creature, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in the Messiah Yeshua our Lord.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

8:35-36  Who shall separate us from the love of the Messiah?—This does not mean “our love to the Messiah,” as if, Who shall hinder us from loving the Messiah? but “the Messiah’s love to us,” as is clear from the closing words of the chapter, which refer to the same subject. Nor would the other sense harmonize with the scope of the chapter, which is to exhibit the ample ground of the believer’s confidence in the Messiah. “It is no ground of confidence to assert, or even to feel, that we will never forsake the Messiah; but it is the strongest ground of assurance to be convinced that his love will never change” [Hodge].

8:38-39  Nor things present nor things to come—No condition of the present life and none of the unknown possibilities of the life to come.

8:39  Nor any other creature—Rather, “created thing”—any other thing in the whole created universe of God.

Will be able to separate us, etc.—“All the terms here are to be taken in their most general sense, and need no closer definition. The indefinite expressions are meant to denote all that can be thought of, and are only a rhetorical paraphrase of the conception of allness” [Olshausen].

E.W. Bullinger’s Companion Bible Notes

8:36  To be—Of.

John Gill’s Exposition of the Whole Bible

8:38  Nor things to come—Whether good or bad, prosperous or adverse; more afflictions, fresh difficulties with the body of sin; an hour of temptation, and time of distress that is to come upon all the earth; or the evil days of old age; God will never leave, nor forsake his people, or cause his loving kindness to depart from them, in whatsoever state or condition they may come into: the Vulgate Latin version adds, “nor fortitude”; and the Ethiopic version, “nor powers”; and one copy adds it in the beginning of Rom 8:39, “nor power.”

Wesley’s Explanatory Notes

8:35  Who shall separate us from the love of the Messiah—Toward us?

Shall affliction or hardship—He proceeds in order, from less troubles to greater: can any of these separate us from his protection in it; and, if he sees good, deliverance from it?

8:36  All day—That is, every day, continually.

8:37  We more than conquer—We are not only no losers, but abundant gainers, by all these trials. This period seems to describe the full assurance of hope.


Masei 1st Portion (Num 33:1-17)

Masei 1st Portion (Num 33:1-17)

Starting Points in Isra’el’s Journeys

1 These are the journeys of the sons of Isra’el, by which they came out from the land of Egypt by their divisions under the leadership of Moshe and Aharon. 2 Moshe recorded their starting points in their journey at the command of ADONAI, and these were their journeys with their starting points:

3 They journeyed from Ram’ses in the first month, on the…

View On WordPress


Masei 3rd Portion (Num 33:54-34:11)

Masei 3rd Portion (Num 33:54-34:11)

54 You shall inherit the land by lot according to your families; to the larger you shall give more inheritance, and to the smaller you shall give less inheritance. Wherever the lot falls to anyone, that shall be his. You shall inherit according to the tribes of your fathers.

55 ” ‘But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then those whom you let remain will becomeba…

View On WordPress


Masei Brit Chadashah (Jas 4:1-12)

Masei Brit Chadashah (Jas 4:1-12)

Submit to God

1 Where do quarrels and fights come from among you? Do they not come from your desires for pleasure that battle in your members? 2 You lust and do not have; so you commit murder. You are envious and cannot obtain; so you fight and quarrel. You do not have because you do not ask. 3 You ask and do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend it on your…

View On WordPress


Mat 13:44-52

The Parables of the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl

44 “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and hid again, and from joy over it he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.

45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking fine pearls, 46 who, when he had found one pearl of great value, he went and sold all that he had and bought it.

The Parable of the Net

47 ”Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was cast into the lake and gathering fish of every kind; 48 and when it was full, they pulled it up on the shore; and they sat down and collected the good fish into baskets, but threw the bad away. 49 So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come forth and separate the wicked from among the righteous 50 and throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”

51 Yeshua said to them, ”Have you understood all these things?” They said to him, “Yes.” 52 And he said to them, ”Therefore every Torah-teacher which is instructed to become a talmid of the kingdom of heaven is like a man that is the owner of a house who brings out of his treasure things new and old.”

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

13:44  Which a man found—That is, unexpectedly found.

David Guzik Commentary on the Bible

13:51-52  Every Torah-teacher which is instructed to become a talmid of the kingdom—Yeshua says that every one who really knows God’s word both will know the old and learn the new of the kingdom

E.W. Bullinger’s Companion Bible Notes

13:48  Away—Out.

13:51  Yeshua said to them—All the texts omit this clause.

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown

13:48  And when it was full, they pulled it up on the shore—For the separation will not be made until the number of the elect is accomplished.

Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible

13:45  Seeking fine pearls—There are large masses of mankind who are like the swine, to whose taste the fine pearl is not to be compared with their husks. This man is one whom husks will not satisfy; he looks for pearls.

13:51  Yeshua said—The master has wisely taught his pupils, and wisely he now ascertains how well they have learned.

Understood—Understood not merely the narrative as a tale, but its second and deeper meaning.

YesThey said they did, and they believed they did, and no doubt they did dimly understand him. But these parables foretold the destinies of the kingdom of God through coming ages, and dimly do we even yet comprehend the future, however well predicted.


Rom 8:28-30

More Than Conquerors

28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to his purpose. 29 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. 30 And these whom he predestined, he also called; and these whom he called, he also justified; and these whom he justified, he also glorified.

 

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown

8:28  And—Rather, “Moreover,” “Now,” or some other such word, to mark, better than the ordinary copulative “And,” what this verse clearly is-a transition to a new train of thought.

We know—The order in the original, which is more striking, is this: “We know.”

8:29  For—As touching this “calling according to his purpose.”

Wesley’s Explanatory Notes

8:30  He also justified—Forgave and accepted.

Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible

8:28  Love God—And just so far and just so long as they love God. Just so far as their love to God is diminished and sin is committed, just so far is the working of all things lessened and doubtful; and when their love to God ceases, the co-working for good ceases, and they are no longer the called. For it is to the man as a GOD LOVER, not as a blank individual, that these promises are made.

8:29  For—To exemplify and expand the purpose just mentioned. In this verse he states the first and last step; in the next the intermediate successive steps.

Predestined—Destinate beforehand, predetermine. From this it is clear, 1. That foreknowledge and predestination are two very different things. Knowledge belongs to the intellect, determination belongs to the will. Foreknowledge is an attribute belonging to the nature of God, pre-determination is an actproduced by the free-will of God. 2. Foreknowledge precedes predestination; for God’s nature is antecedent to God’s acts. Did God act without previous knowledge, he would act, like an idiot, in total ignorance. 3. Predestination, so far from being “without foresight,” is truly founded on foreknowledge. It presupposes that all who are elected or predestinated to glory are foreknown as the proper subjects for it according to God’s eternal purpose. 4. Man’s freedom as a free-agent underlies God’s foreknowledge of him, and God’s foreknowledge underlies God’s determination. God’s knowledge is caused by the future act, not the act caused by the knowledge; just as when we look at a man walking, our seeing and knowing his motion is caused by his moving, not his moving caused by our seeing and knowing. So that, in conclusion from the whole, God predestinates to glory only those whom he sees through time and space will finally meet the conditions requisite for that glorification.

Image—Such an image as he presented at the transfiguration on the mount.

Firstborn among many brothers—And thus present a row of glorified brothers, all in the same celestial uniform, with the firstborn at their head.

8:30  Whom he called—They being foreknown as complying.


Mattot 1st Portion

Vows

2 Moshe spoke to the heads of the tribes of the sons of Isra’el, saying, “This is the word which ADONAI has commanded: 3 If a man makes a vow to ADONAI, or takes an oath to bind himself with a binding obligation, he shall not violate his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

4 “If a woman makes a vow to ADONAI or obligates herselfby a pledge while in her father’s…

View On WordPress


Mattot 4th Portion

Dividing the Plunder

25 And ADONAI spoke to Moshe, saying, 26 “Take a count of the plunder that was captured, both of man and of animal, you and El’azar the cohen and the family heads of the community; 27 and divide the plunder between the soldiers who took the battle upon them, who went out to battle, and the entire community. 28 And you shall levy a tribute for ADONAI from the soldiers who went…

View On WordPress


Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time Responsorial Psalm

Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time Responsorial Psalm

5 For you, ADONAI, are good, and ready to forgive, with much kindness to all who call you. 6 Lend your ear, ADONAI, to my prayer; and listen to the cry of my supplications. 7 In the day of my trouble I will call upon you, for you will answer me. 8 There is no one like you among the gods, Adonai; nor are there any works like yours. 9 All nations that you have made will come and worship before you, Adonai; and they will glorify your name. 10 For you are great and do marvelous deeds; you alone are God. 11 Teach me your way, ADONAI; I will walk in your truth; unify my heart to fear your name. 12 I will praise you, Adonai my God, with all my heart; and I will glorify your name forever. 13 For great is your love toward me; and you have delivered my soul from the depths of Sh’ol. 14 O God, the proud have risen against me; and a band of ruthless men have sought my soul, and they did not place you before themselves. 15 But you, Adonai, are a compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger and abundant in love and faithfulness. 16 Turn to me and have mercy on me; grant your strength to your servant and save the son of your maidservant.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

86:11  Teach—Show, point out.

The way—Of Providence.

Walk in your truth—According to its declarations.

E.W. Bullinger’s Companion Bible Notes

86:10  Do—A doer.

86:11  Unify my heart—Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulg, read “Let my heart rejoice.”

Fear—Revere.

86:16  Have mercy on—Show favour, or he gracious to.

Geneva Study Bible

86:16  He boasts not of his own virtues, but confesses that God of his free goodness has always been merciful to him, and given him power against his enemies, as to one of his own household.

Rashi’s Commentary

86:8  Works like yours—Who places the heavenly beings before the earthlings.

86:10  And do marvelous deeds; you alone are God—Before the angels were created, heaven and earth were created. Therefore, all the nations will glorify your name.

86:16  The son of your maidservant—The son of the maidservant humbles himself before his master more than the slave purchased with money, because the son of the maidservant was born in the house and was raised in his master’s bosom.

Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible

86:14  Proud—The fundamental idea is contempt of all authority, restraint, or obligation.

Ruthless—One who inspires terror by his power and his contempt of the rights of men—a tyrant. The word is always translated terrible, terrible ones, in the prophets, in our common version, conformably to its radical sense.