Yom Kippur 1 (Lev 16:1-9)

Yom Kippur 1 (Lev 16:1-9)

The Day of Atonement

1 And ADONAI spoke to Moshe after the death of the two sons of Aharon, when they had approached the presence of ADONAI and died. 2 ADONAI said to Moshe: “Tell your brother Aharon, that he should not come at all times into the Holy Place within the curtain in front of the atonement cover that is on the ark, or he will die, because I appear in the cloud over the atonement cover.

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Yom Kippur 2 (Lev 16:10-19)

Yom Kippur 2 (Lev 16:10-19)

10 But the he goat upon which the lot for ‘Az’azel fell, shall be presented alive before ADONAI to initiate atonement upon it, and to send it into the desert to ‘Az’azel.

11 “And Aharon shall bring the bull of the sin offering which is for himself and make atonement for himself and for his household, and he shall slaughter the bull of the sin offering which is for himself. 12 He shall take a…

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Yom Kippur 3 (Lev 18:22-29)

Yom Kippur 3 (Lev 18:22-29)

22 ” ‘You shall not lie with a man as one lies with a woman; this is detestable.

23 ” ‘And you shall not have intercourse with any animal to defile yourself with it. And a woman must not stand in front of an animal to cohabit with it; this is a perversion.

24 ” ‘Do not defile yourselves in any of these ways, because the nations that I am casting out before you have become defiled. 25 And the land…

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Yom Kippur Tehillim (Psa 65:1-7)

Yom Kippur Tehillim (Psa 65:1-7)

1 For the chief musician. A psalm and song of David.

2 Silence is praise to you, O God, in Tziyon; and to you the vow will be fulfilled. 3 O you who hear prayer, to you all men will come. 4 Words of iniquities prevail against me; as for our transgressions, you shall atone for them. 5 Blessed is he whom you choose and cause to approach you, thathe may live in your courts! We will be filled with…

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Yom Kippur Brit Chadashah 1 (Rom 3:21-26)

Yom Kippur Brit Chadashah 1 (Rom 3:21-26)

Justification by Trusting

21 But now apart from the Torah the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Torah and the Prophets, 22 even the righteousness of God through the faithfulness of Yeshua the Messiah for all those who continue trusting; for there is no distinction; 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified freely by his grace…

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Yom Kippur Brit Chadashah 2 (2Co 5:10-21)

Yom Kippur Brit Chadashah 2 (2Co 5:10-21)

10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of the Messiah, so that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.

11 Therefore, knowing the terror of the Lord, we persuade men, but we are made manifest to God; and I hope that we are made manifest also in your consciences. 12 We are not again commending ourselves to you but are gi…

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Mat 21:33-41

33 “Listen to another parable: There was a landowner which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and dug a winepress in it and built a watchtower, and rented it out to farmers and went on a journey. 34 When the time of the fruit approached, he sent his servants to the tenants to collect the fruits of it.

35 “The tenants seized his servants and beat one, and killed another, and stoned a third. 36 Again he sent other servants more than the first, and they did the same thing to them. 37 But last of all, he sent his son to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’

38 “But when the tenants saw the son, they said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him and take his inheritance.’ 39 They took him and threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.

40 “Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?”

41 They said to him, “He will bring those wretches to a wretched end, and will rent outhis vineyard to other tenants, who will give him the proceeds at the proper seasons.”


Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Bible

21:34  Collect the fruits of it—Alluding to the ancient custom of paying the rent of a farm in kind; that is, by a part of the produce of the farm. This custom anciently prevailed in most nations; and still prevails in the highlands of Scotland, and in some other places. The Boldon book, a survey made of the state of the bishopric of Durham in 1183, shows how much of the rents was paid in cows, sheep, pigs, fowls, eggs, etc., the remaining part being made up chiefly by manual labor.

Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible

21:33  And rented it out …—This was not an uncommon thing. Vineyards were often planted to be rented out for profit.

21:35  And beat one—The word translated here as “beat” properly means to flay or to take off the skin; hence to beat or to whip so that the skin in many places is taken off.

21:37  Saying, ‘They will respect my son’—To “respect” means to honor, to esteem, to show deference to. It is that feeling which we have in the presence of one who is greatly our superior. It means to give to such a person, in our feelings and our deportment, the honor which is due to his rank and character.

John Lightfoot’s Commentary on the Gospels

21:33  Planted a vineyard—Concerning vines and their husbandry see Kilaim, where there is a large discourse of the beds of a vineyard, the orders of the vines, of the measure of the winepress, of the hedge, of the trenches, of the void space, of the places within the hedge which were free from vines, whether they were to be sown or not to be sown, &c.

21:35  Beat; killed; stoned—There seems to be an allusion to the punishments and manners of death in the council: 1. Beat, which properly signifies the flaying off of the skin, is not amiss rendered by interpreters beat; and the word seems to related to whipping where forty stripes save one did miserably flay off the skin of the poor man … 2. Killed, signifies a death by the sword … Four kinds of death are delivered to the Sanhedrim, stoning, burning, killing, and strangling.

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Phi 4:1-9

Think of Excellence

1 Therefore, my beloved brethren whom I long to see, my joy and crown, in this way stand firm in the Lord, my beloved.

2 I urge Evodia and I urge Syntyche to live in harmony in the Lord. 3 Indeed, loyal Syzygus, I ask you also to help these women who have shared my struggle in the cause of the Good News, together with Clement also and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the book of life.

4 Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, rejoice! 5 Let your gentle spirit be known to all men. The Lord is near. 6 Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. 7 And the shalom of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and minds in the Messiah Yeshua.

8 Finally, brethren, whatever things are true, whatever things are honorable, whatever things are right, whatever things are pure, whatever things are lovely, whatever thingsare of good repute, if there is any excellence and if there is anything worthy of praise, dwell on these things. 9 The things you have learned and received and heard and seen in me, practice these things, and the God of shalom will be with you.



David Guzik Commentary on the Bible

4:1  In this way stand firm in the Lord, my beloved—We can only stand firm when we are in the Lord; any other place is not a secure place to stand.

4:2  To live in harmony in the Lord—Whatever the dispute was about, Evodia andSyntyche had forgotten that they have a greater common ground in Yeshua the Messiah. They forgot that everything else was less important than that common ground.

4:5  Be known to all men—The sphere is broad. We show this gentle spirit to all men, not just to whom we please.

4:6  Be anxious for nothing—This is a command, not an option. Undue care is an intrusion into an arena that belongs to God alone. It makes us the father of the household instead of being a child.

Prayer and supplication—These two aspects of prayer are similar, but distinct. Prayer is a broader word that can mean all of our communication with God, but supplication directly asks God to do something.

Many of our prayers go unanswered because we do not ask God for anything. Here God invites us simply to let your requests be made known. He wants to know.

Be made known—God already knows our requests before we pray them; yet He will often wait for our participation through prayer before granting that which we request.

4:7  Guard your hearts and minds—The word guard speaks of a military action. This is something that the shalom of God does for us; it is a shalom that is on guardover our heart and mind.

“Shall keep them as in a strong place or a castle” (Clarke).

When people seem to “lose” their heart or mind, it often is connected to an absence of the shalom of God in their life. The shalom of God then does not act as a guard for their hearts and minds.

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Rosh Hashanah Day 1 Part 1 (Gen 21:1-9)

Rosh Hashanah Day 1 Part 1 (Gen 21:1-9)

The Birth of Yitz’chak

1 And ADONAI remembered Sarah as he had said, and ADONAI did for Sarah as he had promised. 2 And Sarah conceived and bore a son to Avraham in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him. 3 Avraham called the name of his son who was born to him, whom Sarah bore to him, Yitz’chak. 4 And Avraham circumcised his son Yitz’chak when he was eight days old, as God…

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Rosh Hashanah Day 1 Part 2 (Gen 21:10-16)

Rosh Hashanah Day 1 Part 2 (Gen 21:10-16)

10 and she said to Avraham, “Drive out this handmaid and her son, for the son of this handmaid will not inherit with my son, even with Yitz’chak.” 11 The matter distressed Avraham greatly because of his son. 12 But God said to Avraham, “Do not be distressed concerning the boy and your maidservant. Whatever Sarah tells you, listen to her voice, for through Yitz’chak your offspring will be…

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