Love, for the Day Is Near
8 Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another, for he who loves his fellowman has fulfilled Torah. 9 For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not bear false witness,” “You shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, are all summed up in this rule: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 10 Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of Torah. 11 And do this, understanding the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from slumber; for now deliverance is nearer than when we first came to trust. 12 The night is nearly over; the day is here. Therefore let us put off the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. 13 Let us walk decently, as in the daytime, not in orgies and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. 14 But put on the Lord Yeshua the Messiah, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires.
David Guzik Commentary on the Bible
13:8-10 Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another—On a personal level, the only “debt” we are to carry is the “debt” to love one another—this is a perpetual obligation we carry both before God and each other.
“We may pay our taxes and be quit. We may give respect and honor where they are due and have no further obligation. But we can never say, ‘I have done all the loving I need to do.’ Love then is a permanent obligation, a debt impossible to discharge” (Morris).
Love your neighbor means to love the people you actually meet with and deal with every day. It is easy for us to love in the theoretical and the abstract, but God demands that we love real people.
Love is the fulfillment of Torah—It is easy to do all the right religious “things” but to neglect love. Our love is the true measure of our obedience to God.
13:11-14 The night is nearly over; the day is here—Because we know the danger of the times and we anticipate the soon return of Yeshua, we should be all the more energetic and committed to a right walk with God instead of a sleep-walk with God.
Put off the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light—The illustration is from taking off and putting on clothes. When you get dressed every day, you dress appropriately to who you are and what you plan to do. Therefore, everyday, put on the Lord Yeshua the Messiah!
The armor of light is related to the Lord Yeshua the Messiah himself . When we put on the Messiah, we put on all the armor of God and are equipped to both defend and attack.
“Putting on the Messiah is a strong and vivid metaphor. It means more than put on the character of the Lord Yeshua the Messiah, signifying rather Let Yeshua the Messiah himself be the armor that you wear” (Morris).
Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
13:8 Has fulfilled Torah—For Torah itself is nothing but an injunction to manifest love in all relationships and all circumstances.